The official name of the California State Tree is the California Redwood. Back in 1937, when it was first given this accolade, the exact species was not defined. Both the Giants of the Sierra Nevada and the Redwood of the Coastal Forests were two considerable trees, and until 1953, there was much confusion as to exactly which of these trees could be classified as 'true' California Redwoods.
The Giant Sequoia can reach an age of over 3000 years, boasting trunks that span a diameter of over 30-feet-wide. The Coast Redwood is known to be the tallest tree in the world. On average, they reach around 300-feet in height. It is thought that Redwoods have been in existence for over 240 million years, and while they once thrived across a vast area throughout the Northern Hemisphere, they are now exclusively found in a stretch of land from Southern Oregon through to Central California.
Redwood Tree Facts
Redwoods face certain problems that are directly impacted by climate change. We've already spoken of their constant need for water. An increasingly warmer climate could lead to less rainfall and less fog, both of which would impact their natural coping mechanisms for dryer spells.
HOW CLIMATE CHANGE HAS AFFECTED THE CALIFORNIA STATE TREE
In the Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park, the General Sherman tree is more than 275-feet in height and over 102-feet wide at its base. It is thought of as the largest tree in overall volume in the world. Hyperion was discovered in 2006, and at the last count, it stands taller than 380-feet.
WHAT IS THE TALLEST REDWOOD EVER?
Although its origins are unknown, the Wawona Tunnel Tree was a very well-known Giant Sequoia tree that was situated in Mariposa Grove in Yosemite National Park, in California. It was in situ until 1969 and stood as tall as 227-feet, with a diameter of 26 feet at the base.
WHAT ARE "TUNNEL TREES" AT YOSEMITE PARK?